The Cary Family of England and Virginia: Our American Carys and their European Forebears

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Our Cary line arises from the Howard and allied Family study detailed within the Two Volume Within The Vines  Historical Family Website.
It is relevant both  to the Virginia and Our Virginians chapter found within Volume I: Our American Immigrants and the England and our English Chapter of Volume II: Our Europeans .  See also substantiation for the Cary line of Bristol to the Carys of the Peerage in Devonshire, England
Genealogically, the study of the Cary line begins in America with Miles Cary, immigrant forebear.
The English Ascendancy can be found at England and our English 

American Carys: 
Our direct line American Carys all pertained to Virginia and in fact, the Cary name is direct to us only for three generations in America and from ca 1645 [date of earliest Cary record in Virginia is 1652] to 1774 and the death of Dorothy Cary Pleasants, wife to John Pleasants, and mistress of Curles Plantation, Henrico County, Virginia. But it is triply pertinent to us at the first American generational leve.  Two Cary siblings , the children of our Cary immigrant, are direct to us, while a third sibling was stepfather to our young ROSCOW ancestors.[See the three children of immigrant Miles Cary  relevant ]. As our immigrant Miles CARY and Anne TAYLOR, his wife are double ancestors, the Cary line is direct to the surname groups involved in our Virginia and Texas bundle of ancestors, and also our bundle of ancestors of Georgia, Alabama, and Texas. Two of Miles and Anne Taylor Carys' descendants, likely never knowing they were distantly related in this way, married each other and they lived in Texas [Fannie McGehee and Jonathan Patterson "Pat" Howard-married 1884]. 

Our American Cary generational and historical study begins with the immigrant  Miles CARY [AKA Hon Miles Cary, Miles Cary, Esq, Col. Miles Cary, and sometimes found as Myles Cary] of whom first record in America is found in Warwick county, Va in 1645. He was a gentleman of wealth and influence in early Virginia, Member House of Burgesses, and he settled, met his wife Anne TAYLOR, and  lived in Warwick County, Va. His home involved both Magpie Swamps and Windmill Point-both of which were given to  him by his father in law Thomas Taylor, and both of which remain important to direct Cary descendants for 8 generations. Miles died in 1667 at Hampton Roads [now the greater Newport News area] at the hands of the Dutch during the final throws of the second and last Dutch Anglo War; his wife survived him by at least 15 years. Miles Cary's tomb in Virginia clearly identified him and his parents, and it included upon it the coat of arms of the Devonshire, England  Carys although he himself was from Bristol, England. 

Our immigrant ancestor Miles Cary was one of seven children born to his parents John and Alice Hobson Cary. John himself had a younger brother named Charles. This Charles, uncle to Miles Cary, was also born in Bristol, England [baptized St Nicholas Church , Bristol, England, just as was Miles but in 1600 while Miles was baptized in 1622]. Both young man began to contemplate emmigration. They cohabited Bristol until 1639, when Charles emmigrated to Charleston, Massachusetts and became progenitor of the Carys of that place. Miles left for Virginia at least by 1645 when first record of him there is found. 
See  Virginia and Our Virginians and 
Miles CARY First Generation American 
English Carys and the relationship to Queen Elizabeth I and Sir Thomas West, Lord de la Warre, Governor of Virginia during Jamestown's finding: 

The Cary's of England hold  interest not only for direct line historicity, but as a result of importance for  the greater context of both English and 
early American history involving the New England seaboard, the Virginia colony and its early plantation culture from 1645 through the period of contest between the Dutch and English for control in the now United States, to 1774, the year of death of Dorothy [nee CARY] Pleasants, wife of John Pleasants and mistress of Curles Plantation, Henrico County, Va. 

Miles' direct Cary line can be traced back with confidence to 1570s Bristol,  England and his GG Grandfather William Cary, who died 1572 in Bristol,  a draper of that city. The famous Cary Wool is likely named for earlier Cary drapers of the region and in a time beyond the ability to determine our Carys exact line amongst them.   In 1699, the Carys of Bristol sharing descendancy from Miles own direct line applied  for the right to bear the arms of the Devonshire Bristols which right they were granted. The exact relationship to the Devonshire Carys has been lost. Miles Cary 's tomb was discovered in the mid 19th century, in fragments, but remountable to allow  definition of the coat of arms of the Carys of Devonshire,in whose history is found the husband to Anne Boleyn's sister, Mary.  Evidence of the seeking of right to the coat of arms and evidence of the grant of that right remains extant,  but the exact pedigree substantiating the request  is lost, apparently, to wars and fire. Were it not for the loss of the pedigree, we would be certain of how it is our Miles Cary of Virginia ascended to the Devonshire Cary's exactly, and under what right he included that coat of arms on his tomb. 

We know we are are somehow distant cousins of Queen Eliz I and Miles a closer cousin to Sir Thomas West, Lord de la Warre, Governor of Virginia during its fouding,  but the exact manner of how this occurs is not revealed.  Our known  William CARY who died 1572 in Bristol somehow, perhaps either as  grandson or greatgrandson, arises to the Cary ancestor of Devonshire known as William Cary Gentleman of The Privy [ca 1495-late 1520s] , who married Mary Boleyn, sister to Anne [2nd wife to Henry VIII and mother to the future Queen Eliz I].  William of the Privy and Mary Boleyn CARY  had several children, among whom were 

  • Sir Robert Cary, who took  the letter from his first cousin Queen Eliz I to James Scotland in which was announced the Execution of Mary Queen of Scots.  It is not proven, but is thought by some Cary researchers, that this Robert Cary was father or perhaps grandfather to our William CARY who died 1572 in Bristol and who was GG Grandfather to our Miles Cary the immigrant. 

  • Sir Robert Cary was brother to: 
  • Catharine CARY, Chief Lady of the Bedchamber [died 15 JUN 1568/9]  who married Sir  Francis KNOLLYS [died 19 Jul 1596] . She  produced Anne KNOLLYS
    • Anne Knollys married Thomas Leighton WEST , 2nd Lord De La Warre. They had among their children three sons who served as governors to Virginia, the most famous being the first : 
      • Sir Thomas West, Lord de la Warre (9 July 1577 - 7 June 1618, who died at sea while again enroute to Virginia) for whom the state, river, and American Indian tribe called "Delaware" are named [their own name was Lenni-Lenape] .  "He headed the contingent of 150 men who landed in Jamestown on 10 June 1610, just in time to persuade the original settlers not to give up and go home to England. He had been given instructions by The London Virginia Company to kidnap Native American children. These instructions also sanctioned the murder of the Iniocasoockes, the cultural leaders of the local Powhatans. De La Warr proceeded to initiate the First Anglo-Powhatan War, which has been descibed as an act of genocide.He had been appointed governor-for-life (and captain-general) of Virginia, and he outfitted their three ships and recruited and equipped those men at his own expense. Leaving his deputy Sir Samuel Argall (circa 1580 - circa 1626) in charge, de la Warr returned to England and published a book about Virginia, The Relation of the Right Honourable the Lord De-La-Warre, of the Colonie, Planted in Virginia, in 1611. He remained the nominal governor, and he had received complaints from the Virginia settlers about Argall's tyranny in governing them forhim, so de la Warr set sail for Virginia again in 1618, to investigate those charges. He died en route and was buried at sea",_Lord_de_la_Warr
      • Francis West, Lord  de la Warre , Gov of Va and 
      • John de la Warre, Governors of Va 
The Devonshire Cary's trace their ascendancy to Sir Adam Carey or Cary  of Carye Castle in Devon, living 1208 and married to Amy Trewitt, dtr of Sir John Trewitt. 

See England and our English 

The three children born of immigrant Miles Cary and his wife Anne Taylor who are relevant to our American study, and the subsequent surnames involved in their descendancies follow. 
  • Son Thomas , who married Anne Milner is direct to our subsequent  surname group involving Cary, Milner, Pleasants, Woodson, Logan and Howard and all surnames arising from each. These generational entries down from Thomas and Anne Milner his wife  all pertained to Virginia through to the Howard married Logan bride and groom last present in Virginia in 1853, the children of whom emmigrated to Texas in 1850.
    • The Cary line is direct to us via Thomas only to two generations, the grandaughter of Miles, daughter of Thomas,  marrying John Pleasants of Virginia. 
  • Daughter Bridget married William Bassett and so is direct to our subsequent surname group involving Cary, Bassett, Burwell, Roscow, Cole, Hill, McGehee, Tate, Booker, Cofield and Howard and all surnames arising from each. These individual family studies and our directs among them involve Virginia to 1791, at which time the McGehee/Tait union moved to Elbert County Georgia, and subsequent generations [McGehee/ Booker] to Alabama and finally Texas [McGehee/Howard]. 
    • This direct line Cary pertains only through to Bridget, who took her husband Bassett's name. They lived in Virginia where she produced Bassett progeny, among whom was Bridget's granddaughter Lucy Bassett who married William Roscow, son of William and Mary Wilson Basset and step son of Miles Cary, the child of Miles Cary and Anne Taylor, as was Bridget here discussed. 
  • Son Miles married as his second wife Mary Wilson Roscow [widow of our direct William Roscow, and born Mary Wilson] and was step father to her two small children and so becomes significant to our  subsequent surname group involving Roscow, Wilson, Bassett, Cole, Hill, McGehee, Tate, Booker, Cofield and Howard and all surnames arising from each. This line segeways into the individual family studies and our directs among them found in Bridgit's descendants above. 
    • Miles step grandchild Mary Roscow married William Cole and they resided in Virginia where she took on the Cole surname and produced Cole progeny. Thus this CARY line remains significant as Cary only to two generations [and in position as step child Cary, and child of step child Cary].