Ireland Within The Vines : Brief History and Chapter Introduction to Accompanying Pages
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Ireland's history, like those of our ancestors within it,  is deeply involved with its larger isle neighbor . The tribes of Celtic speech came to the
British Isles in two distinct waves. The earlier invasion of the Goidels arrived in England with a culture of bronze about 800 B.C., and in Ireland two centuries later, and was part of the same movement which brought the Gauls into France. The later conquest was by the Cymric-speaking Belgae who were equipped with iron weapons. It began in the third century B.C., and was still going on in Caesar's time. These Cymric Brythons reached Ireland in small numbers only in the second century B.C. 
The mythological history of the Irish people is told in the 11th century  Leabhar Gabhála (Book of Invasions) . This book is of  "fundamental and enduring importance to the shaping of Irish historical thought." One of the last invasions of Ireland recorded in the book is that of the Milesians, also known as the Gaels or the Sons of Mil. These people are therein said to be the true ancestors of the Irish race. 
Eventually, Ireland involved four provinces, each with their own kings (Ulster, Leinster, Munster and Connaught). The High King among them was crowned at Tara. 

Because of its relative isolation, Ireland did not suffer loss of texts to the extent of other European nations. In addition, the ancient king's pedigrees ( which happily include mention of the royal pedigree of their wives) are historically accurate in unbroken procession to the most distant of all European genealogies, despite the need to forage out the meddlesome manipulation by descendants in the mid 8th century. The pedigrees of many of the  Irish Kings of various septs, some of which became High Kings, are valid to about the 6th century, and some to the 5th century . See footnote 1

It is within the ascendancy of Robert II STEWART, King of Scotland (reigned 1371-1390)  , that Our Ancient Irish are found, involving septs from all four of the Irish Provinces.

Our later Irish , of more recent Scot ascendancy,  are found in Our Irish and Scots Irish associated with the Plantation of Ulster in the traditional Irish provinces of Leinster and Ulster , areas our ancient Irish Kings controlled. 

Page Contents: 
The Dál Riatan Scots, an Irish Tribe, for which Scotland received its Name and  The Stone of Scone they brought with them
Ireland and the Vikings
The Instigator of English Rule, King Of Leinster
Chapter Contents Ireland Within the Vines: 
Introduction and Brief History [You are here]
Our Ancient Irish
Our Irish and Scots Irish and the Plantation of Ulster
County Cavan and Bailieborough Within It 

The Dál Riatan Scots, an Irish Tribe, for which Scotland recived its Name
In the new 6th century, owing to over crowding, members of an eastern Irish tribe landed in and established themselves in the western part of the country now named for them. The origins of their name -- Scots -- is believed to be a corrupted form of Scottus or Scotti , which meant "raiders". These were an expansive, warlike, Celtic people.  Fergus Mor mac Erc (direct to this study ) a Celtic chiefton, left Ireland and landed in now Scotland in about 501 AD, seeking to establish his inheritance there. He settled his people at Kintyre, Knapdale, Arran and Bute with principle strongholds at Tarbert and Dunavertie, Scotland; The Scots gradually took over most of Argyll, Galloway and the southern Hebrides. Because of him, the Scot kingdom known as of  Dál Riata (often anglicised as Dalriada)  came to stretch from east Ireland through the Western Isles to Argyll, in western Scotland. Eventually his descendants united Scotland, and ruled over the majority of the territory now known as that country. Their kingdom was called Alba. Brian Boru or Bóruma was the last High King of Ireland with jurisdiction over most of Scotland via the Dal Riatan Scots (this during the reign of Scotland's King Malcolm II Of Alba , died 25 Nov 1034) 
The Scots developed a genealogy "taking their pedigree back to 330 BC, based on their Irish ancestry......These include the more historically attested rulers of the settlement attributed to Cairbre Riata, son of the Irish high king Conaire Maglama in the mid third century , and from whom the name Dal Riata was derived." 1With pressure from the Vikings, the Dal Riadan Scots later moved in from the coast of Scotland and eventually conquered the Picts of Pictland. There is evidence the Picts themselves had earlier migrated from Ireland. The Dal  Riatan Scots brought with them their own Irish missionaries (not the first Christian missionaries in Scotland).  Most of Scotland was christianized long before England. The Dál Riatan Scots are also said by some to have brought from Ireland the Liath Fail, better known as the Stone of Scone. 
 

The Stone of Scone's history 
The ancient Irish Liath Fail, a ceremonial stone upon which the High Kings of Tara were crowned has an obscure history [see footnote 2] but it was part of the ceremonial safeguarding of the people its kings represented and those crowned upon it were considered the rightful rulers of their race. Also known as Jacob's Pillow and the Stone of Destiny, it is said by some to have been brought to Scotland by Fergus Mor mac Erc, King of Dál Riata, and that he was crowned upon it at Dunadd of the Kings, Dalriada near Cruachan, Alba (Scotland) . Fergus Mor mac Erc's descendant King Kenneth I (Cinaed) mac Ailpin (also direct to this study) was crowned upon it in 843;  He removed the stone to Scone, where it remained for 500 years, yielding its more frequently encountered name. This King Kenneth is famed for his defeat of Scotland's more native Picts about 843 and is celebrated for uniting the Scots and Picts in the new kingdom of Alba which comprised a large part of what we now know as Scotland; He is known as the first King of a United Scotland. All Kings of the Scots were crowned upon the Stone of Scone minus those acceeding in their of minority until King Edward I of England captured it in 1296 on the occasion of his victory over Scotland. He  removed these powerful symbol of a people to England's Westminster Abbey. For  700 years it has been part of the English monarchy's coronation chair,  symbolizing with the coronation of England's kings the subjugation of the people it represents. Scottish nationalists removed it from Westminster in the 1950s, but in four months it was recovered and returned. In 1996, Britain returned it to Scotland, and it is now in Edinburgh, on "loan". Once leaving Ireland, it never returned. 
According to the Scone Palace website , The most historical explanation of the Stone's removal to Ireland is that it was a royal stone brought from Antrim to Argyll and then to Scone by Kenneth I mac Alpin, King of Dalriada (above mentioned) .



 
Ireland and the Vikings
Ireland also early suffered for  the Vikings like England and Scotland. Norsemen invaded Ireland in the 8th century , and remained firmly in its borders to found the city of Dublin among others, being ousted only in defeat by the "great Irish liberator",  Ireland's High King Brian Boru or Bóruma  [Of Dál Cais] MAC CENNÉTIG, King Of Mumu [Munster] & Ireland-another direct ancestor via the STEWART ascendancy found in our Peers and Royals . This beloved leader of the Irish people died in the moment of his triumph and at the battle of Clontarf in 1014,  which defeat  happily ended Norse control of Dublin and advented 150 years of Irish freedom from foreign interference. Brian Boru or Bóruma was the last High King of Ireland with jurisdiction over most of Scotland via the Dal Riatan Scots (this during the reign of Scotland's King Malcolm II Of Alba , died 25 Nov 1034) . High King Brian Boru or Bóruma is celebrated in many chronicles.  His  O'Brien descendants lost the High Throne of Ireland, and the four provinces of Ireland (Ulster, Leinster, Munster and Connaught) and their leader kings subsequently vied for Tara, the seat of the High King and Brian's former throne. See Our Ancient Irish




The Instigator of English Rule, King Diarmait MacDonnchada MacMurchada , King Of Leinster  ( High King Brian Boru or Bóruma's GGG grandson) wasn contemporaneously as defender of the faith, and posthumously as traitor to his people,  being the instigator of English rule in Ireland.    Because of the pressures exerted by the Kings of the other three provinces in contesting with him the High Kingship and his embattled right to Leinster, this King (who is also direct to the within the vines study) sought military aid from England's Henry II Plantagenette, the husband of Eleanor of Acquitaine, and father of "Evil" Prince John and William the Lionhearted. Henry  II allowed Diarmat to recruit and cultivate Welsh, and Norman descended, mercenaries. Diarmat concentrated on raising forces in south Wales. The most significant ally he secured was RIchard fitz GILBERT(alias ýStrongbowţ ) , 2nd  Earl of Pembroke- to whom Diarmat offered his daughter Aife in marriage. Aife ,  daughter and de facto heiress thus saw her legacy given to her husband, Strongbow, who is  celebrated as Ireland's conqueror.  In 1169, Strongbow graciously opened the door of Ireland to King Henry. Named Lord of Leinster in 1171, he became Ireland's  Justice while holding and maintaining strong allegiance to the English crown.  Ireland has yet to reexperience the period of relief from foreign interferance it owed to High King Brian Borumu. 

The above history of Ireland introduces direct line ancestors associated Our Ancient Irish within the ascendancy of our STEWART forebears. Our American immigrants of Ireland, whose history remains unclear pre 17th century, were  part of the English and Scot Plantation of Scotland allowed by our direct ancestor King Diarmait MacDonnchada MacMurchada , King Of Leinster, known contemporaneously as defender of the faith, and posthumously as traitor to his people. Because of him, and our direct ancestor, his son in law Strongbow, we find our WILLIAMSON, McNEILL, BOOKER, HOGG, and BYERS lines residing in County Cavan and often at odds with the descendants of our more ancient  Irish  lines. 




Footenote 1 
Stewart Baldwin explains that  "in the 8th century, a very artificial scheme was created in which all of the major Irish dynasties were allegedly the direct male line descendants of the same line (the "Milesians").  Numerous artificial relationships were created between various families, with eighth century politics being the most important factor.... Nevertheless, comparison of the genealogies with the annals (of which the basic framework is thought to be contemporary from ca. 550, with the understanding that some individual entries are later interpolations, which  may or may not be detectable), and with early king lists ... indicate that many of the genealogies are   valid back to the sixth century, and some even to the fifth century.  However, the modern scholarly literature with which I am familiar...would not regard as historical such allegedly fourth century figures as Cathaír Már or Dáire Barrach..." From  Llywelyn ap Iorwerth ancestor table compiled by Stewart Baldwin. 

Footnote 2:
The Gathering of the Clans Website states "As mentioned in Genesis, originally Jacob used the stone as a pillow. While sleeping on it he received a vision from God, which claimed that his seed would spread across the Earth and rule as Kings until their return to the Promised Land. Jacob took the stone after awaking and anointed it with oil as a holy relic. For a time the stone rested in the temple at Jerusalem. In 602 BC, Jerusalem was sacked and destroyed by king Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon. It is said that Jeremiah along with two daughters of King David's line escaped with the stone, and after a journey through Egypt, Sicily and Spain the Stone arrived in Ireland. The facts that the original Stone  disappeared and the new stone appeared in Ireland soon afterwards lend credibility to this story. Another interesting fact that lends credibility is the Irish story of the Tuatha de Danann, when translated this apparently means the people of Danann. One of the 12 tribes of Israel was known as Dan....
There are two stories concerning this move (to Scotland)  that deserve mentioning. In one story, the Stone is loaned to Fergus Mor Mac Erc for his coronation in Scottish Dalriada and never was returned. In the other story, the King ordered a man killed in church. Because of this the Stone had to be moved as Tara and its King could no longer be considered holy. In either case, the Stone moved from Ireland to Scotia Minor around the early part of the sixth century AD."

Footnotes:
1. Mike Ashley. The mammoth book of British Kings and Queens. Edited by Julian Lock. 1999 Carrol and Graff Publishers 19 W 21 St, NY

2. Llywelyn ap Iorwerth ancestor table compiled by Stewart Baldwin. 

3. The Passing of the Great Race By Madison Grant .  Part II - European Races In History .  Chapter 13.  THE ORIGIN OF THE ARYAN LANGUAGES 


 
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