Two Alpha Factors [environment and wage] fuel the shortage. Four responses are required to fully address the two alpha factors giving impetus to the current crisis shortage. If the Two Alpha factors are meaningfully, creatively, and realistically addressed, the current crisis shortage will be alleviated, the nursing shortage of which the crisis is merely a part reversed, and future crisis shortages avoided. The four responses necessary to fully address the Two Alpha Factors must be initiated in tandem and none of them, alone, will prove effective. Only with all four addressed will the cycle be meaningfully broken. See the Two Alpha Factors identified for gateway to their individual discussion.