The TAYLOR Family . 1st Generation known American: Captain Thomas Taylor.
[The TAYLOR family is art of the Howard & Allied Family Lines  forming [with the Swope& Allied Family Lines] the basis of the Within the Vines Genealogical Study]

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Thomas [Captain] TAYLOR1,2
Birth Unknown. Probably by or before 1616 , based on date of 1626 when he is found a patentee in Eliz City Virginia
Father Uncertain. Possibly John Taylor, Alderman of Bristol England
[Fairfax Harrison states "No evidence has yet appeared to identify this Taylor family definitely. Thomas Taylor  was one of the original patentees in Elizabeth City in 1626 (Hotten, 273) and in 1643 took up 600 acres in Warwick.... His  relation to Miles Cary suggests that he may have been of the family of John Taylor, alderman of Bristol, who is mentioned in relation to the Bristol Carys in the 1652 will of the Bristol clergyman, Robert Perry (P.C.C. Bowyer, 243. See Va Mag, xi, 364). We have seen that there had already been a Taylor / Cary marriage in Bristol."2, p 34-5]
Death aft 1652
Burial Probably the Graveyard at Windmill Point2[Windmill Point is in Warwick County, Virginia]
Immigration by 1626, to Va [original patentee in Eliz City in 1626]. 
Occupation Mariner. "Probably a Bristol sea captain long engaged in the Virginia trade who retired from the sea in Warwick2] ; "Burgess for Warwick 1646 and as late as 1652 was in the commission of the peace. In the patent of 1643 he is styled 'mariner.' He was probably a Bristol sea captain long engaged in the Virginia trade who retired from the sea in Warwick."2
Resided Eliz City County and Warwick County, Virginia. "One of the original patentees in Elizabeth City in 1626 (Hotten, 273) and in 1643 took up 600 acres in Warwick] "2 p 34-5One of the Earliest Settlers of Warwick County, Va1
The Plantation "Magpie Swamps" was given by him to his son in law Miles Cary1,2 Miles Cary refers to Windmill Point where I now reside in one document. . In 1643,  Windmill Point recorded in a land patent by Thomas Taylor.2
See excerpt from Fairfax Harrison's  " The Virginia Carys" regarding Windmill Point, its position and ownership history, located in text below. 
Wife Unknown
Children Known
  • Anne Taylor who continues direct line. 
  • another daughter, referred to as " youngest Daughter' , whose descendants later inherited Windmill Point , which Anne's husband received of Anne's father. [See Fairfax Harrison entry below] 
Chapter Four of 'The Virginia Carys' by Fairfax Harrison reads in part: 
"Windmill Point and Peartree Hall
The first home of the Warwick Carys in Viginia was the high bluff which divides Warwick River and Potash Creek at their confluence, facing Mulberry Island (or, as it is locally called, 'Mulbri' land'). Here in 1643, on a plantation known as Windmill Point 1, a Bristol merchantman, Captain Thomas Taylor, found a snug harbor, safe from the privateers of the Parliament (cf. Neill, Virginia Carolorum, 178), and here he was succeeded by his son-in-law Col Miles Cary; here in turn succeded the eldest son of our immigrant. This Major Thomas Cary, 'the merchant is, on the surviving records, a somewhat shadowy person after his earliest youth, but he became the fertile progenitor of more of his race than any of his brothers and is still numerously represented. From him descended during the 18th century the neighboring households at Windmill Point and Peartree Hall, 2, with the branches of the latter which were maintained for several generations in Chesterfield, in Southampton and at Elmwood 3 on Back River in Elizabeth City, whose descendants have since spread far and wide. 

1. THE WINDMILL POINT PROPERTY: The first settlements on Warwick (then known as Blunt's Point) River, below Martins Hundred, were made after the Indian massacre of 1622. From the patents it appears that John Baynham (spelled also Bainham and Burnham) had an 'ancient patent' dated Dec 1, 1624, for 300 acres 'adjoining the lands of Captain Samuel Matthews and William Claiborne, gentlemen' (Va. Mag., i, 91. ) This was Windmill Point and there John Baynham was living in 1625. (Brown, First Republic, 622) A Richard Baynham 'of London, goldsmith,' was a shareholder in the London Company in 1623 and one of the Warwick faction, Brown, Genesis, ii, 904, 982, and an Alexander Baynham was burgess for Westmoreland in 1654.) This John Baynham's daughter, Mary, married Richard Tisdale, who succeeded to the property, and from him Captain Thomas Taylor purchased it, taking out on Oct 23, 1643 [Va Land Register, i] , two patents, one calling for 350 acres known as Magpy Swamp. In the first of these patents Windmill Point is described as butting upon Warwick River, vounded on the S side with Potash Quarter Creeke and on the N side with Samuell Stephens his land'. The Stephens place (patented 1636 'adjoining the land of John Bainham,' Va Mag, v, 455) was "bolthrope," which passed through the hands of the governors Harvey and Berkely (Va. Mag., i, 83) was afterwards long the home of the Coles (Hening, ii, 321), and eventually the property of Judge Richard Cary5. In his will the immigrant Miles Cary describes Windmill Point as 'the tract of land which I now reside upon,' refers to Thomas Taylor's patent, and says that a resurvey shows it to include 688 acres, exclusive of the Magpy Swamp. We trace the title through eight Carys to 1837, when the senior line became extinct and Windmill Point passed to the Lucas descendants of the youngest daughter of Captain Thomas Cary5, one of whom Mr G. D. Eggleston found in possession in 1851. In 1919 the site of the original house is marked by a grassy cavity. A modern house stands nearby, the residence of J.B. Nettles, who is now the owner of the small surrounding farm. the property is sometimes referred to as 'Cary's Quarter.' This Windmill Point must be distinguished from Sir George Yeardley's Windmill Point (originallly Tobacco Point) on the south side of James River in Prince George, where, it is supposed, the first windmill in the United States was erected. "2

Sources For Captain Thomas Taylor

1. Pecquet du Bellet, Louise. Some prominent Virginia families. Lynchburg, Va.?: J.P. Bell, 1907.  [1763 pgs.] Housed in  GF Library Fam Hist Collection. Transcribed from same by Cynthia Swope of Within the Vines. 
2. Harrison, Fairfax. " The Virginia Carys : an essay in genealogy.New York"Published New York. Publisher: De Vinne. 1919.  [261 pgs.] Housed in  GF Library Fam Hist Collection. Transcribed from same by Cynthia Swope of Within the Vines. 
Author: Harrison, Fairfax 1869-1938.

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